Sessions spoke with Russia during campaign

US Attorney General Jeff Sessions failed to disclose that he spoke with the Russian ambassador twice last year, with the revelation coming hours after a lawmaker said allegations of collusion between the Trump campaign and Moscow would be investigated.

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Sessions did not disclose the meetings when he was asked about contacts between members of President Donald Trump’s campaign and Russia during his confirmation hearing to become attorney general, the Washington Post reported citing Justice Department officials.

At his confirmation hearing in January, Sessions was asked what he would do if he learned if anyone part of the Trump campaign had communicated with the Russian government during the 2016 campaign, the Post reported.

“I’m not aware of any of those activities,” he said. “I have been called a surrogate at a time or two in that campaign and I did not have communications with the Russians,” he added.

A spokeswoman for Sessions said the answer was not misleading as the then-senator had had conversations with over 25 foreign ambassadors as a member of the Armed Services Committee, the Post reported.

Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi was quick to call for his resignation.

“Jeff Sessions lied under oath during his confirmation hearing before the Senate … Sessions is not fit to serve as the top law enforcement officer of our country and must resign,” she said in a statement.

“If it’s true that Sessions failed to disclose his meeting with (Russian ambassador) Kislyak, he must recuse himself. This is not even a close call; it is a must,” US Representative Adam Schiff wrote on Twitter.

Hours earlier, Schiff had said the House Intelligence Committee would investigate allegations of collusion between Trump’s election campaign and Russia.

Schiff, ranking minority member of the House Intelligence Committee, said Democrats and Republicans had reached a written agreement late Wednesday.

“We are committed to doing it,” he said. “There is every reason to do a thorough investigation here.”

Schiff announced the probe on Twitter, saying both parties were “now committed to investigate all aspects of Russian active measures including any collusion with Trump campaign.”

In an interview with MSNBC he declined to provide any details about what evidence the committee had gathered, but said the first testimony was coming “fairly imminently.”

Reports in US media last month alleged that Trump campaign staff, including former campaign chairman Paul Manafort, had had “repeated contacts” with senior Russian intelligence officials during the year before Trump’s surprise election victory.

Last month, US National Security Advisor Michael Flynn resigned over misleading accounts he gave about phone calls with Russian officials.

Shrinking trade surplus to be short-lived

Australia’s foreign trade position had a weak start to the year, but economists believe it will rebound on solid coal and iron prices and a boost in liquefied natural gas exports.

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The trade surplus fell to $1.3 billion in January, from December’s $3.3 billion, as exports slipped three per cent and imports rose four per cent.

National Australia Bank economics director David de Garis said the drop in exports was driven by a $671 million, or 39 per cent, slump in gold exports.

He said that was mainly related to flooding affecting output at Newcrest’s Mining’s Telfer gold mine in Western Australia.

Weather could also explain a seven per cent, or $406 million, fall in coal exports, Mr de Garis said, and a drop of two per cent, or $151 million, in metal ore and mineral exports.

“With Telfer hit by bad weather, it’s conceivable that weather could have also adversely affected iron ore in January,” he said.

“That’s quite usual at this time of the year when northern monsoons often interrupt activity.”

National Australia Bank chief markets economist Ivan Colhoun said imports were strong across the board, including a seven per cent, or $543 million, jump in consumption goods, and consumer electronics in particular.

“You can look at that and say that’s bad, or you can look at that as showing domestic demand is rising,” Mr Colhoun said.

JP Morgan economist Tom Kennedy said the decline in Australia’s foreign trade position looks overdone.

Coal and iron ore prices and liquefied natural gas exports would help turn things around in coming months, he said.

“Iron ore prices continue to run well ahead of both JP Morgan and consensus expectations, while coal contract prices for the first quarter are still elevated,” Mr Kennedy said.

“Supporting these nominal drivers is the looming supply expansion in LNG which we expect will become more prominent in the trade release as we progress through 2017.”

Surprise jump in building approvals in Jan

Housing approval growth has continued into the new year, though Australia’s longest housing construction boom appears to be moderating.

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Approvals for the construction of new homes rose 1.8 per cent in January to 17,412 dwellings, beating market expectations of a 0.3 per cent fall.

However, housing approvals over the 12 months to January were down 12 per cent, according to data from the Australian Bureau of Statistics, likely providing relief to regulators worried about a growing asset bubble.

The gains for January were led by a 6.2 per cent increase in approvals in what are categorised as ‘other dwellings’, which includes apartment blocks and townhouses.

Approvals for private sector houses fell three per cent, and have now fallen for two consecutive months.

“The 12 month trend in dwelling approvals certainly appears to be weakening, with the level of detached dwelling approvals now sitting closer to the pace seen in mid-2013,” JP Morgan economist Henry St John said.

“While some institutions are still lending toward such activity, it seems relatively safe to say that approvals have peaked for the cycle.”

The decline in house approvals is also seen as significant as it comes amid record low interest rates.

National Australia Bank chief economist David de Garis said this possibly reflects a flow-on from concerns about likely surplus apartments in the next six to 12 months, but the lower supply may also be partly responsible for the continued strong performance of house prices.

While apartment approval numbers tend to be volatile on a monthly basis, the large number of approvals, particularly in NSW, means housing construction will contribute to growth again this year, economists said.

Alleged Barcelona killer was ‘a normal factory worker’

Younes Abouyaaqoub, a 22-year-old Moroccan, was shot by police not far from Barcelona in northeastern Spain after a four-day manhunt for the man who allegedly drove a van through crowds in the popular Mediterranean city, killing 13.

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He didn’t stop there, fleeing his vehicle on foot after Thursday’s attack, hijacking a car and stabbing its driver to make his getaway.

“I’m happy and sad all at once,” Hassan Azzidi, a Moroccan factory worker, said in the Catalan town of Ripoll where many members of the terror cell that planned the Barcelona attack and another car rampage in the seaside resort of Cambrils came from.

“This had to end, because we’re living as if in a war, but at the same time, someone brainwashed such a young boy.

“Younes lived normally, he worked in a factory, he had everything… I don’t know how they manage to eat their brains.”

Related reading

Police suspect an imam of radicalising Abouyaaqoub, his younger brother Houssein and nine other young men.

The imam Abdelbaki Es Satty died in an explosion believed to have been accidentally detonated by the suspects themselves in their bomb factory in the seaside town of Alcanar, also in Catalonia.

Other suspects have either been killed by police or detained.

Determined

Like his elder brother, Houssein Abouyaaqoub is believed to have been shot dead by police.

He and four others drove their car into pedestrians in Cambrils early Friday morning, just hours after the Barcelona attack. One of them got out and stabbed a woman, who later died.

Since last week’s twin attacks, Ripoll — which has a population of 11,000, five percent of whom are Moroccan — is under shock.

In the Esperanza Moroccan cafeteria, card players — refusing to be named — say they feel “betrayed by the imam”, a man in his forties described as “a wolf in sheep’s clothing” who influenced the boys.

Nuria Perpinya, who until two years ago worked on a programme to combat social exclusion, had helped some of these “children” do their homework.

And despite the carnage they caused, she has only “good memories” of “normal boys, completely integrated” in Catalan life — words echoed by many others in Ripoll.

In the Moroccan town of M’rirt, meanwhile, relatives of Abouyaaqoub accused the imam of radicalising the young man as well as his brother Houssein.

Younes used to visit his elderly grandfather every summer in the modest family home where he was born before leaving for Ripoll with his parents.

But the grandfather told AFP that “over the last two years, Younes and Houssein began to radicalise under the influence of this imam.”

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And the day of the attack, Younes showed steely determination.

After ploughing into people at great speed in Barcelona, he got out of the van, went through the city’s most famous food market La Boqueria and walked six kilometres for an hour and a half until he got to the university district.

There he hijacked a car, stabbed its 34-year-old driver Pau Perez, threw his body in the back seat before driving away.

At a police checkpoint, he sped through, injuring a police officer, before abandoning the car and disappearing.

He only re-emerged on Monday, when several people spotted him, reported it to the police, who eventually shot him dead.

Former refugee dedicating her life to helping others awarded national education prize

For former refugee Jolie Kaja, helping others is a natural instinct – it’s something she’s done her entire life.

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On Monday, Ms Kaja’s compassion and hard work were recognised as she was awarded the national Community Education Student of the Year award from Community Colleges Australia.

Growing up in the Democratic Republic of Congo, she worked as a Red Cross volunteer, but was forced to flee her home when war broke out 10 years ago.

She sought shelter at a refugee camp in Zambia, where she lived for seven years as a single mother looking after her four daughters.

“It was very hard. If you are not strong, it’s very… it’s terrible. The people who are living in the refugee camps, they’re suffering too much,” she says.

Jolie Kaja at the refugee camp in Zambia.SBS World News

Ms Kaja and her family were resettled as refugees in Coffs Harbour on the NSW north coast. It’s been a life-changing move and she says she’s grateful for the opportunities the community has given her. 

She is fluent in French, Swahili and several other African languages, but did not know a word of English when she arrived in Australia.

Then she took up English language classes at TAFE and went on to study aged care as a way to give back to the community.

One of her trainers, Amanda Johnston, from Coffs Coast Community College, says the staff was impressed by Ms Kaja’s ability and willingness to learn. 

“She came across as an extremely caring student, to start with, but she did have difficulties with language. And she overcame all those barriers and proved us all very wrong. She actually shone in the class and was extremely liked by all her classmates,” Ms Johnston stated.

Ms Kaja now works at the Saint Joseph’s Aged Care facility in Coffs Harbour as an Assistant in Nursing.

“I love to help other people because, when I help them, I feel happy,” she grins.

Jolie Kaja (left), the winner of the Aged Care Award.SBS World News

Her generous spirit rarely goes unnoticed by those around her.

Fellow aged care worker Jane Donovan offered her praise.

“Jolie is very compassionate. I saw that straight away in her; she’s very caring towards the residents.”

The NSW Deputy Premier, John Barilaro, presented the award to her.

“Jolie’s an example of a great refugee story: from being a refugee single mum of four, who’s used community college and the opportunity to learn some skills in a sector that is growing, like aged care,” he said.

“Her contribution will be like the many before her, refugees and migrants, that have made this nation the great nation that we are.”

Jolie Kaja with her supervisor.SBS World News

After all she’s achieved and all she has seen, Ms Kaja is determined to use her new skills to continue helping others.

“My dream is to take this knowledge to the Congo and Zambia to help other people,” she told SBS World News.

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Swedish journalist Kim Wall died in accident, Danish submarine inventor claims

Peter Madsen initially claimed that he last saw Kim Wall when he dropped her off on the tip of an island in Copenhagen late on August 10 after she had interviewed him aboard the do-it-yourself craft.

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But Madsen, who has been accused of negligent manslaughter, “told police and the court that there was an accident on board the sub that led to the death of Kim Wall, and that he subsequently buried her at sea in an undefined location of the Koge Bay” south of Copenhagen, police said in a statement.

Copenhagen police later on Monday said they found a woman’s torso near Koge Bay where they carried out an intense search for Wall, a 30-year-old reporter who had been writing a feature story about Madsen, after she failed to return from an interview with him aboard the 60-foot (18-metre) Nautilus on August 10.

“When I say torso, it’s a body without head, arms and legs,” Copenhagen police chief Jens Moller Jensen told a news conference, adding it was “too early” to say if it belonged to Wall.

A handout photoshows the searching for missing swedish journalist Kim Wall by the coast of Sweden in Oresund, Sweden, 15 August 2017. SWEDISH SEA RESCUE SOCIETY

Madsen’s appearance before a judge on August 12 was held behind closed doors and the investigation has been classified, so it is not known exactly when he made his statement.

But his lawyer Betina Hald Engmark told Danish broadcaster TV2 on Monday that Madsen “had always wanted” the information on the preliminary hearing to be disclosed.

‘Invincible’ and ‘ambitious’

Wall was a freelance journalist who had reported for The Guardian and The New York Times. A graduate of the Columbia Graduate School of Journalism, she was based between New York and China.

Her friends have described her as “invincible”, “ambitious” and “always seeing something good in everyone”, according to Swedish media reports.

Madsen and Wall were seen onboard the vessel by several people in waters off Copenhagen the evening of August 10.

Photos of the two emerged online standing next to each other in the sub’s tower. Wearing an orange fleece and with her long auburn hair tied in a topknot, she appeared to be smiling.

When Wall failed to return home, the sub was also reported missing. Rescue crews located it around a day later in Koge Bay, about 50 kilometres (30 miles) south of the Danish capital.

Just after it was found, Madsen was rescued, alone, and the submarine suddenly sank.

Police have since said they believe Madsen “deliberately” sank the sub. It was brought to the surface and searched, but found to be empty.

TV2 showed images of Madsen being questioned by police after his rescue.

When a journalist asked him what contact information he had for the missing journalist, he responded: “Only that her name is Kim.”

“I don’t check the background when a journalist calls and asks ‘Can I interview you?'” Madsen said indifferently as he entered a police car.

‘A curse lies on Nautilus’

The Nautilus was the biggest private sub ever made when Madsen built it in 2008 with help from a group of volunteers, described on a website about the vessel as “submarine enthusiasts”.

The volunteers were engaged in a dispute over the Nautilus between 2014 and 2015 before members of the board decided to transfer the vessel’s ownership to Madsen, according to the website.

Madsen had sent a text message to two members of the board in 2015, saying “there is a curse on Nautilus”.

“That curse is me. There will never be peace on Nautilus as long as I exist,” Madsen wrote in his text message, according to a post written by the volunteers in Danish on the website.

“You will never have a good feeling inside the submarine… do not throw more lifeblood into that boat.”

Madsen, who was described in a 2014 book as “Denmark’s Do-It-Yourself Astronaut”, had wanted to launch himself into the space race before building the crowd-funded Nautilus.

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Great American Eclipse: Trump ignores the ‘don’t look’ memo

Time stood still as millions across the nation took in the celestial spectacle – unseen in a century – enjoying what some saw as a welcome moment of togetherness after weeks of national turmoil.

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But a number of peculiar incidents have also taken place during the occasion.

In the capital Washington, where the eclipse was partially visible, Donald Trump turned out to watch from the White House with his wife Melania and young son Barron – but the president appeared to have missed the memo on eclipse do’s and don’ts.

At one point, Trump was seen glancing skywards without protective eyewear – a big no-no, according to experts.

“Don’t look,” an aide shouted to him. 

President Trump views the eclipse from the White HouseGetty Images North America

The 45th US president later donned glasses but the scene prompted howls of derision.

“NASA: Don’t look! Media: Don’t look! Melania: Don’t look! Aides: Don’t look! My mom: Don’t look! Your mom: Don’t look! President Trump…” summed up the journalist Brandon Ambrosino.

Comedian Michael Moore later purported to read the president’s mind: “Dishonest, fake news media said don’t look at eclipse w/o glasses, so I did!” 

RELATEDThe gift of Bonnie Tyler

She said she would do it, and do it she did.

As the arc of totality swept across the continent, Bonnie Tyler regaled a cruise ship audience with a live rendition of her “Total Eclipse of the Heart” as they were plunged into darkness by the awe-inspiring astronomical show.

The 1983 mega-hit became an unofficial anthem for the Great American Eclipse, belted out at bars and viewing parties across the nation (with varying degrees of seriousness).

Interviewing the Welsh pop singer about her signature song, CNN host John Nernan got down to the nitty-gritty questions.

“How do you think a total eclipse of the heart differs from a total eclipse of the sun?” he asked her. “Can you stare into a total eclipse of the heart without glasses?”

“That’s a good one,” she smiled back. “I will definitely be wearing my glasses later, but I’m sure that you can look into my heart. I wear it on my sleeve.”

Tyler topped off the interview with a few lines, a capella, of her signature hit, earning the following words of thanks from CNN’s Bernan: “Bonnie Tyler, you have given us more than we could ever have hoped for.”

Royal Caribbean announced Tyler will perform her hit Total Eclipse of the Heart at sea during a ‘Total Eclipse’ cruise.AAP

Countdown to ‘goatality’

Total eclipses are well known to send birds swooping back to their nests, but as part of its wall-to-wall coverage – the Washington Post set out to test another wildlife-and-astronomy theory: do they make fainting goats faint?

It did so by livestreaming from a farm in Tennessee that rears the breed of livestock – known for freezing stiff and toppling over when panicked, and as such already the stars of a host of viral videos. 

While millions sat glued to TV footage of the natural wonder unfolding in real-time, many more kept an amused eye on the Post’s tongue-in-cheek countdown to “goatality.”

Was the flock startled? Hard to tell since the screen turned pitch-black… but the question was eventually settled with a tweet from the paper.

“Update: no goats fainted.”

We’re streaming from a fainting goat farm — will they faint during eclipse totality? Let’s find out. 长沙桑拿,长沙SPA,/gqQGiafqg8

— Washington Post (@washingtonpost) August 21, 2017

Nth Korea bluster fans problems: minister

Malcolm Turnbull has fired back at North Korea after Pyongyang took a swipe at Australia for taking part in war games between the US and South Korea.

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Senior cabinet minister Christian Porter believes Kim Jong-un may be “blustering” by describing Australia’s involvement as a “suicidal act”, but the inflammatory words aren’t without consequence.

“Well, it’s a pretty strong sort of a bluster, and the bluster itself creates a whole range of issues and problems that arise,” Mr Porter told the Nine Network on Tuesday.

Two dozen Australian defence personnel are taking part in the annual Ulchi-Freedom Guardian exercise, which involves more than 17,000 American troops along with small contingents from a handful of other countries.

The same exercises last year provoked North Korea to conduct nuclear tests.

North Korea’s official news agency has condemned Australia’s involvement in an editorial.

“This is a suicidal act of inviting disaster as it is an illustration of political immaturity, unaware of the seriousness of the current situation,” the agency said, according to translations.

“Australia followed the US to the Korean War, the Vietnamese War and the war on terrorism, but heavy loss of lives and assets were all that it got in return.”

The prime minister hit back last night.

“North Korea has shown it has no regard for the welfare of its own population, no regard for the security and good relations with its neighbours and no regard for international law,” he said in a statement.

“We call on countries to redouble their efforts, including through implementation of agreed UN Security Council resolutions, to bring North Korea to its senses and end its reckless and dangerous threats to the peace of our region and the world.”

Mr Porter described the threat North Korea posed as extremely serious, stressing the need for strong sanctions.

“We (must) ensure that countries, particularly China, do everything they are supposed to be doing to place pressure on the regime so that it amends its ways,” he said.

Nations pledge to counter US abortion ban

Some 50 countries have signed up to attend a family planning conference in Brussels aimed at making up the gap left by President Donald Trump’s ban on US funding to groups linked to abortion.

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The participants agreed to attend the conference scheduled for Thursday on short notice and will discuss using pledges from other nations and the private sector to “make sure that the impact on the field is completely taken away,” Belgian Vice Premier Alexander De Croo said on Wednesday.

“This should not be a moment where we are taking steps back into the Dark Ages for women and girls,” De Croo said.

Trump’s decision, one of his first acts as president, withholds about half a billion dollars a year from international groups that perform abortions or provide information about abortions.

Officials in many European nations and around the world say the move will hurt women and girls who need family planning most.

Belgium and several other countries already have committed to contributing at least 10 million euros ($A13.8 million) each. Beyond governments, philanthropists and private donors will be asked to contribute at the conference.

Outside of many European nations, Canada, African and Asian countries will also have representatives at the conference, as will the European Union and the United Nations.

Swedish Vice Premier Isabella Lovin told the AP that even though maternal mortality rates have declined by almost half in the last generation, “every second minute a woman or a girl dies in the world due to pregnancy”.

The US ban on funding to organisations that perform abortions or discuss the procedure with clients has been instituted by Republican administrations and rescinded by Democratic ones since 1984.

Former President Barack Obama last lifted it in 2009. But Trump significantly expanded it in an executive order he signed on his first full day in office.

Instead of containing abortions, the move would increase dangerous pregnancy terminations, Lovin and De Croo said.

Scott Hend chasing US Masters debut

Australian golfer Scott Hend says a dream US Masters debut is his source of motivation at this week’s World Golf Championship event in Mexico.

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Hend is currently ranked world No.68, meaning a strong result at the 77-man event could catapult him into the top 50 golfers who receive an invitation to Augusta National.

“I really want to play the Masters; it’s been a goal I’ve been trying to achieve for a long time and hopefully I can take care of that this week,” Hend said.

The 43-year-old also has the opportunity to sneak into the top-64 players required to contest the WGC matchplay tournament in Austin, Texas – the last tournament before the Masters field is finalised on March 27.

“I’ve got a couple of weeks to force myself back into the top 60. The opportunity is right there in front of me and I control my own destiny,” he said.

“There are some good points on offer here in Mexico, I play the India Open next week and I’d love to play the match play.”

Townsville product Hend, in Mexico City courtesy of winning the 2016 Asian Tour money list, says Club de Golf Chapultepec’s location of 7800 feet above sea level has forced a conservative game-plan.

“This golf course isn’t really a driver course; it’s narrow and with the altitude carrying the ball further I’m going to play conservatively for the first two rounds at least,” said Hend.

“It’s very frustrating for me because I like to be really aggressive. It seems this golf course won’t provide a great score for someone who is ultra aggressive.”

The WGC event in Mexico City is a 77-man event with no cut and features 49 of the world’s top 50 golfers, with only world No.2 Jason Day absent, with illness.

Australian world No.7 Adam Scott is the defending champion, and is joined by countrymen Hend, Marcus Fraser, Matthew Griffin and Sam Brazel.

WA orphanage abuse aired at UK inquiry

A child sex abuse survivor has told a British inquiry “it was a feast of kids at an orphanage” for Christian Brothers pedophiles in Western Australia in the 1950s.

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The 72-year-old told the child sex abuse inquiry in London on Wednesday he had been in orphanages in the UK since he was a baby before being shipped to WA in 1953 at the age of eight as a child migrant.

The witness, now living in Perth and only referred to as A4 to protect his identity, said he was sent to the boys’ home at Castledare where he was sexually abused by Brother Lawrence Murphy.

He said Murphy woke him up one night in the dormitory to say he must go to the toilet, but instead led him to his bedroom.

Holding back tears he told the inquiry Murphy had told him to take off his pyjamas.

“He got me to play with him and he started to play with me,” he said.

“He wanted me to give him oral sex and he made me do it.”

A4 said from then on he would freeze in his dorm bed at the sound of footsteps until they passed, feeling sorry for any other boy selected by the brother that night.

He said he could not tell anyone about the abuse as he knew he would just get a belting for lying.

A4 said he now knew the Christian Brothers were shielding a pedophile ring in WA.

“It was a feast of kids at an orphanage, they had their own little pool, little school of boys that they could choose from.”

A4 said he finally broke his silence about the abuse he suffered when he saw Murphy deny any wrongdoing on a 60 Minutes report about the Christian Brothers in 1993.

Murphy was arrested in 1997 on child sex abuse charges but died aged 80 before a trial could be held.

Former child migrant Oliver Cosgrove, who was sent to Australia in 1953 at the age of four, told the inquiry he too was sexually abused at Castledare.

The 67-year-old, also from Perth, said the choirmaster had got into his bed and fondled him and later forced him to perform oral sex on him in the dining room.

Mr Cosgrove, who has waived his right to anonymity, told the inquiry he still had nightmares and had been through years of psychiatric treatment.

The witnesses also told of the constant canings and strappings they received as well as beatings at the hands of “sadistic” brothers at Castledare and Clontarf Boys Town in Perth where they were later sent.

They told of the poor schooling they received and the hard barefoot labour they had to perform at the homes, including clearing trees, digging a swimming pool and building a handball court.

Both witnesses said they had been told they were orphans but they subsequently learned their mothers had been alive all along, though by the time they traced them they were dead.

Mr Cosgrove learned his father had been a priest in Ireland and his mother had been his housekeeper.

India will catch better in 2nd Test: Vijay

Indian opener Murali Vijay on Wednesday promised better catching from his side in the second Test against Australia after the hosts spilled several chances in their series-opening defeat in Pune.

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Visiting captain Steve Smith hit the only century of the first Test after being dropped four times by the butter-fingered hosts who were thumped by 333 runs inside three days in the spin-dominated contest.

Smith’s 109 allowed Australia to set India an improbable target of 441 to win game one of the four-Test series and the hosts duly collapsed.

“We had a chat about it and we are working on few of the areas where we could have done much better in the last Test match,” Vijay, who spilled one himself, said ahead of the second Test beginning on Saturday in Bangalore.

“We are looking forward to this game and, hopefully, we can pull off those catches.”

Having conceded a 155-run first-innings lead in Pune, India badly needed to restrict Australia in the second dig but poor catching allowed the visitors to post 285 and effectively bat the hosts out of the contest.

“The first innings’ lead was little more than what we expected. From there on, it was always going to be tough for us to get into the game,” Vijay said.

“We had the opportunities. If we had taken those catches, maybe we would have put lot more pressure on the Australians.

“But it didn’t happen and we got to take it on our chin and move forward.”

The defeat snapped India’s 20-Test unbeaten home run, shocking fans who expected the team to steamroll Australia.

Vijay said it was a challenge for his team to show their character and bounce back in the remainder of the series.

“We have lost the game and we have to accept that fact. We have to move forward,” Vijay said. “We are looking forward to this game and start fresh. We will look to put the pressure back on the Australians.

“It’s going to be a good challenge for us as a team and test our character. That’s why we are playing cricket and, hopefully, we can play the way we have to play and we have played before.”

Warner’s simple advice for Renshaw

David Warner didn’t want to give opener partner Matt Renshaw too much advice for his maiden tour of India.

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Warner was rightly wary of crowding the mind of Renshaw, who showed remarkable composure by scoring a total of 99 runs in the first Test.

But Australia’s vice-captain felt the need to step in and correct one element of the 20-year-old’s subcontinent approach.

“I actually gave him a bit of a tip the other day about taking some tablets, like gastro health and stuff, to get those probiotics into you,” Warner said.

“And make sure you have your Yakult in the morning, to make sure you line your stomach a little bit.

“Because if you have the odd hot chilli, it can definitely go through you.”

Renshaw retired hurt on the morning of day one in Pune because of a stomach bug. He raced off the field following the dismissal of Warner, shocking skipper Steve Smith.

The left-hander returned to the crease and also showed great resilience in Australia’s second innings, batting on after a nasty bouncer blow to the arm.

Renshaw has recovered from injury and illness and is in no doubt for the second Test, which starts on Saturday in Bangalore.

“The way he adapted from coming off, being sick and going back out there was credit to him,” Warner said.

“He played fantastically.

“First Test match in India, India probably didn’t expect that (from Renshaw). We’ve never seen him play in these conditions as well.

“When you have fresh people in the team, you don’t know what they’re capable of as well and it adds another string to your bow.”

Warner and Renshaw started the four-Test series by sharing an 82-run stand on a raging turner.

Both batsmen adopted conservative approaches.

“It’s good with Matt out there, to talk to him about how I thought they were going to get us out,” Warner said.

“We sort of reined it in together and, when we saw the opportunity to try and pounce on one or two loose balls, we did that.”